Ground Improvement — Principles and Applications in Asia

V. R. Raju

Keller Far East, 18 Boon Lay Way, #04-104 Tradehub 21, Singapore 609966.


This paper presents an overview of various types of soils needing improvement and the various ground improvement techniques available. Factors influencing the choice of technique are discussed. This is followed by some applications of these techniques to different types of structure as well as different soil conditions. Structures and facilities that have utilized ground improvement include roads and highways, railways, ports and airports, land reclamations, storage tanks, chemical plants, tunnels and residential buildings. The basis for choosing the particular technique for the project is explored, be it time, cost, technical performance or environmental considerations. The paper will show that ground improvement is often the ideal foundation solution for such structures.

Keywords: Ground Improvement, Infrastructure, Buildings, Soft soils.

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