Proceedings of the

The 33rd European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2023)
3 – 8 September 2023, Southampton, UK

Data Preparation for Precursor Identification in Unstable Approach Events in Flight Data

Jie Yanga, Diyin Tangb, Jinsong Yuc, Yue Songd and Lingkun Konge

School of Automation Science and Electrical Engineering, Beihang University.


Unstable approaches have been identified as the main factor in most aviation accidents, making the identification of precursors to achieve such event prediction critical for ensuring the safety and reliability of flights. However, data preparation before precursor identification is challenging due to high-dimensional variable-length time series in a specific flight phase. In this study, we propose a pipeline for flight data preparation that offers standardized inputs for the precursor mining phase and labeled outputs for the unstable approach identification phase. The raw inputs are processed by an automatic feature selection based on correlation analysis. Additionally, a uniform dynamic time warping method is proposed to transform inputs with variable lengths into equal lengths for modeling, addressing the challenge of input variability caused by different tasks and weather conditions. The effectiveness of the preparation method in flight data is validated using flight data collected from regional aircraft. It is also possible to be extended to other adverse events occurring in flight phases in terms of precursor identification.

Keywords: Data preparation, Unstable approach events, Automatic feature selection strategy, Uniform dynamic time warping, Precursor mining.

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