Asian Journal of Environment and Disaster Management (AJEDM)Volume 6 Number 3 (2014)
Rapid Impact Assessment and Immediate Response of Cyclone Lehar Nov. 2013 – A Case Study – South Andaman Island, India
Cyclone occurs frequently around the Bay of Bengal, and their occurrence and intensity seem to be increasing in recent years. Cyclone Lehar was the strongest tropical cyclone on record in the Bay of Bengal in the year 2013. This cyclone formed off the coast of Malay Peninsula and it moved from Andaman Sea over the South Andaman Island. On 28th Nov. 2013 it made landfall on Andhra Pradesh in between Machillipatinam and Kakinada coast. Lehar dropped heavy rainfall around the South Andaman Island, which caused flooding and heavy damage. Nowadays, we enclose the data and method provided by remote sensing and GIS that have proven their usefulness in disaster management plan. Disaster management plan consists of two phases that takes place before disaster occurs, disaster prevention and disaster preparedness, a three phases that happens after the occurrence of a disaster that is response, relief and rehabilitation. In this paper existing cyclone impact of Lehar in South Andaman and immediate response and rehabilitation work effectively carried out by the various sectors of the Andaman administration were discussed.