Asian Journal of Environment and Disaster Management (AJEDM)

Volume 5 Number 4 (2013)

doi: 10.3850/S1793924013000059

A Comparative Study of Irrigation Rehabilitation and Maintenance Projects in a Post-Conflict Society - A Case Study of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

Toshiyasu Suzuki
Department of International Studies, Graduate School of Frontier Science, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa-shi, Chiba, 277-8563, Japan.


The Japanese government often assists post-conflict countries with irrigation rehabilitation and maintenance as a form of peace building. Assisting with irrigation rehabilitation and maintenance is important for strengthening food security, bolstering farmer income and many other aspects. However, few studies have been conducted concerning irrigation rehabilitation andmaintenance as a formof peace building. Therefore, this study thus focuses on assistance with irrigation rehabilitation and maintenance as a form of peace building.

This research aims to (i) clarify the process of formation and the results of these projects, (ii) determine the factors that influence the formation and results of these projects by comparative analysis, and (iii) recommend strategic project formation for irrigation rehabilitation and maintenance in post-conflict societies.

The findings of this research (i) clarified the process of the project formation in the current situation, (ii) suggested that no predominant factor influenced the approach taken, (iii) revealed that the selection of a project site is largely influenced the results of the project, (iv) found that the JICA project depended on information from the pilot project (this dependence influenced the results of the project), (v) found that it is important to confirmthe conditions of a community even in urgent situations, and (vi) pointed out that it is important to familiarize oneself with customary laws in order to establish regulations for a water users association.

Keywords: Post-conflict, Project formation, Irrigation rehabilitation, Timor-Leste.

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