Asian Journal of Environment and Disaster Management (AJEDM)

Volume 5 Number 3 (2013)

doi: 10.3850/S1793924012100110

Stakeholder Consultation in Policy Formulation for Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation: The Experience of Malaysia

C. T. Tan1, Joy Jacqueline Pereira1,a and Lian Kok Fei2
1Southeast Asia Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.
2Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Wisma Sumber Asli, Precinct 4, 62574 Putrajaya, Malaysia.


Climate change is cross-sectoral in nature, transcending traditional takes on environmental issues that requires effective collaborative participation and collective response. Stakeholder consultation is, therefore, a crucial component in a climate change policy process. Given the complexities of issues and options, Malaysia developed the National Policy on Climate Change through a consultative process with multiple platforms created for stakeholders of diverse disciplinary constituencies and different interest to interact and share views. Stakeholder viewpoints were gathered in five overlapping phases at national and regional meetings, peer-reviewsessions and policy level discussions, which provided crucial inputs to the successful culmination of the Policy.While the stakeholdersmight be at different levels of understanding on the climate change issues, the consultation process also served to sensitise, raise awareness and build capacity of stakeholders to the potential implications of climate change and responses. The consultation process during the policy formulation stage had laid the base and built trust that could be capitalised for continuous engagement of stakeholders during the implementation stage.

Keywords: Climate change, Stakeholder consultation policy formulation, Adaptation, Mitigation.

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