Asian Journal of Environment and Disaster Management (AJEDM)Volume 4 Number 2 (2012)
Roles of Stakeholders in Disaster Risk Reduction Under the Hyogo Framework for Action: An Asian Perspective
Since the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) was adopted in 2005 at the United Nations World Conference on Disaster Reduction held in Kobe, Japan, many global, regional, national, and local efforts have addressed DRR more systematically. Each stakeholder in different levels has important roles to play in implementing HFA. The UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) has a key role of advocating andmonitoring HFA. The regional organization such as theAssociation of SoutheastAsianNations (ASEAN)made achievements in sharing knowledge, information, and good practices, developing common frameworks and understanding in order to address the regional issues of DRR that cannot be always effectively tackled at the national level. National governments should commit to the development of national coordination mechanism and of policy/legislation, DRR baseline assessment, review of national progress in achieving HFA, and integration of DRR with climate change strategies. Local governments and Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) are closest to communities and know the risks to disasters at the grassroots level. In order to strengthen the entire DRR capacity and achieve HFA goals, it is important to scale-up the current Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction (CBDRR) approach and to speed up the implementation of HFA at the local level.
Keywords: Disaster Risk Reduction, Stakeholders, Hyogo Framework for Action, Asia.