Asian Journal of Environment and Disaster Management (AJEDM)

Volume 3 Number 4 (2011)

Asian Journal of Environment and Disaster Management 2011 3 4

doi: 10.3850/S1793924011001015

Analysis of Off-Site Emergency Plan and Disaster Management Plan: A Case Study of Sambalpur District, Orissa, India

Sreeja S. Naira and Anil K. Guptab
National Institute of Disaster Management (Government of India), IIPA Campus, New Delhi – 110 002, India.


Environmental Protection Act, 1986, and rules there in have prescribed the provisions and procedures of Crisis Group at various levels and required the preparation of Off-site Emergency Plan Disaster Management Act 2005, provided a holistic paradigm of multi-hazard disaster management framework, provision "disaster management plan" at national, state and district (and also local) levels. As per the Vulnerability Atlas (1997 revised in 2006) compiled by Building Material Technology Promotion Council of India, 241 districts have been identified as multi-hazard districts in India. Reportedly there are 294 districts with Major AccidentHazard (MAH) units.More than 100 districts with MAH units are also multi-hazard districts. However, lack of integration has prevailed between the disaster management plan and the off-site emergency plan, in most of such districts. The present paper is aimed to identify the gaps in both off-site plan and DM Plan for the Sambalpur district (Orissa) as an example, to assess the challenges as well as possible strategies developing integration in the two plans under the present National Disaster Management Framework. Extrapolation of the same at the level of state plans and local plans have also been discussed.

Keywords: Off-site emergency plan, District disaster management plan, Major accident hazard.

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