Asian Journal of Environment and Disaster Management (AJEDM)Volume 2 Number 2 (2010)
Integrating Sustainable Security to Integrated Coastal Zone Management: A Case Study of Coastal Orissa, India
Climate induced natural disasters (CIND) such as droughts, floods and cyclones have become a regular occurrence and part of everyday life particularly in coastal Orissa. The deadly combination of floods, cyclones and droughts has made the coastal zone as the triggering point of disaster in Orissa. The coastal zone is an area of collision of interests as well as the collision of processes. Human security is concerned with safeguarding and expanding people’s vital freedoms. It requires both shielding people from acute threats and empowering them to take charge of their own lives. A great deal of non-traditional human security is tied to peoples’ access to natural resources and vulnerabilities to environmental change - and a great deal of global changes like CIND are directly and indirectly affected by human activities and conflicts. Recent trends on human security recognize the integration of environment and society, and acknowledging that perceptions of our environment by addressing short termshocks and also focusing on long termgoals through series of intermediate ranges ‘Sustainable security’
The objective of the paper is to develop the concept of sustainable security to CIND by examining both threats and opportunity which would help in developing mechanism to absorb the shocks of CIND in coastal zone of Orissa. The data and basic information were collected from direct field study using structured questionnaire and interview. The complementary qualitative and quantitative techniques analyses of field data are undertaken using SPSS. It may be challenging to get policy makers accept the need of social protection mechanisms to cope with CIND because it is hard to predict unforeseen livelihood risks. The coastal zone management plan should include sustainable security to absorb the impact of CIND in the near future.
Keywords: Coastal system, CIND, Adaptation, People perception, ICZM and sustainable security.