Asian Journal of Environment and Disaster Management (AJEDM)Volume 2 Number 1 (2010)
Lessons from Japan’s Post-conflict Support of Sri Lanka
The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka has suffered a series of separatist conflicts since 1983. Japan, the largest economic aid donor to Sri Lanka has maintained a policy of neutrality since aid was first provided in 1954, however, significant change occurred in February 2002when a ceasefire agreementwas signed and at the same time, the consolidation of peace during the post-conflict period came to be regarded by the Japanese government as one of the most crucial tasks with regard to providing official development assistance to Sri Lanka. This paper examines Mannar District Rehabilitation and Reconstruction through the Community Approach Project (MANRECAP 2004–2008). This paper focuses on the postconflict period between 2002 and 2008, demonstrates how the infrastructure, which serves to distribute various resources to conflict areas and people, could contribute to help promoting the process of peace, and identifies both positive and negative lessons for use in the new era that will follow the end of the conflict in 2009.
Keywords: Infrastructure, Post-conflict, ODA.