Proceedings of the

The 33rd European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2023)
3 – 8 September 2023, Southampton, UK

Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Construction Workers

Dineo Malulekea, Claire Deaconb and John Smallwoodc

Department of Construction Management, Nelson Mandela University, South Africa.


The abstract should summarize the context, content and conclusions of the paper in between 150 and 225 words. It should not contain any references or displayed equations. Typeset the abstract in 9pt Times New Roman with line spacing of 11pt. Suggest approximately 6-12 keywords for indexing purposes (separated by commas) as below.

Keywords: Construction, Ergonomics, Industry 4.0, Musculoskeletal disorders.

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