Proceedings of the

The 33rd European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2023)
3 – 8 September 2023, Southampton, UK

On the Use of Simulators to Gather Human Performance Data of Remote Maritime Operations

Danilo Taverna Martins Pereira de Abreua, Marcos Coelho Maturanab and Marcelo Ramos Martinsc

Analysis, Evaluation and Risk Management Laboratory (LabRisco), University of São Paulo, Brazil.


The maritime industry is witnessing profound changes in the way that their assets are operated. With the rapid advance of new generation telecommunication technologies, it is practicable to design systems that are deployed on the sea and operated remotely from a shore control center (SCC). This tendency has several advantages such as reducing the human exposure to harsh environments and reducing transportation costs of workers from/to the workplace. By doing so, the physical systems tend to have a higher level of automation, but the human operators are not removed from the loop at all; instead, they are moved to a different location and interact with the systems in a different manner. To achieve high standards of safety, recent research focused on understanding the operators' tasks on SCCs and assessing the potential errors and the corresponding risks. However, as in other industries, obtaining human performance data is a challenging task. One promising alternative is to use training simulators for this purpose. Aiming at contributing to the knowledge of these applications, this paper presents a discussion on the main challenges and interesting solutions regarding the use of simulators to collect human reliability data.

Keywords: Human reliability analysis, Simulators, Remote operations, Risk analysis.

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