Proceedings of the

The 33rd European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2023)
3 – 8 September 2023, Southampton, UK

Federated Transfer Learning for Condition-based Maintenance in Nuclear Power Plants

Vivek Agarwal1 and Koushik A. Manjunatha2

1Instrumentation, Control, and Data Science/Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, USA.

2Amazon Lab 126, Amazon, San Jose, USA.


The current fleet of nuclear power plants in the United States is transitioning from a time-consuming, labor-intensive, and cost-prohibitive preventive maintenance strategy to a condition-based predictive maintenance (PdM) strategy. A risk-informed PdM strategy will be discussed in the presentation. One of the aspects of the risk-informed PdM strategy is scalability, the presentation will focus on a first-of-a-kind federated transfer learning (FTL) framework [1] (Fig. 1) for the condition-based maintenance of a circulating water system. The FTL framework developed and presented here details how an aggregated model obtained under federated learning at one plant site can diagnose the same fault mode at a different plant site using transfer learning. The fault used for demonstration is waterbox fouling in the circulating water system. The FTL framework was verified using a multi-kernel adaptive support vector machine and an artificial neural network, details are in [1]. The results compare the performance of individual machine learning models with aggregated models as part of federated learning. In the case of transfer learning, the results of individual machine learning models are compared with transferred aggregated models with and without training on data from a new plant site. Finally, this paper presents some challenges associated with the FTL framework development.

Keywords: Predictive maintenance, Federated learning, Transfer learning, Support vector machines, Artificial neural networks, Circulating water system.

Download PDF