Proceedings of the

The 33rd European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2023)
3 – 8 September 2023, Southampton, UK

Building Information Modelling (BIM)-Based Quality Management System (QMS) for Mitigating Building Failures and Collapse: A Case Study of Nigeria

Donatus Ebere Okonta1,a, Vladimir Vukovic1,b, Edgar Segovia2 and Ayodeji Akinola1,c

1School of Computing, Engineering and Digital Technologies, Teesside University.

2School of Social Sciences, Humanities & Law, Teesside University, TS1 3BX, Middlesbrough, United Kingdom.


Building collapses have become a serious issue in developing countries due to the rapid growth and concentration of people in urban areas. Nigeria has been particularly affected, with over 115 building collapses in Lagos alone over the past decade. To address this issue, the study evaluates the potential use of Building Information Modelling (BIM) as a tool for Quality Management Systems (QMS) to mitigate building failures and collapses in Nigeria. The study conducted a comparative analysis of BIM implementation and processes in the UK and Nigeria through a literature review, and the survey of QMS of 23 Architecture, Engineering, Construction, and Operations (AECO) companies in Nigeria. The survey found an alarming lack of QMS practices in Nigeria, with only 39% of respondents indicating that their organization has formal quality management in place, only 50% of respondents indicated that they have an up-to-date quality management training manual, while nearly half of the respondents (48%) do not have an effective QMS reporting structure. These findings suggest that there is a significant need for greater implementation of QMS practices in Nigeria's AECO industry, particularly in the context of building collapses. The potential use of BIM as a tool for QMS represents a promising avenue for mitigating building failures and collapses in Nigeria and other developing countries.

Keywords: Building Information Modelling (BIM), Quality Management System (QMS), Building collapse, Training, Quality control, Certification.

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