Proceedings of the

The 33rd European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2023)
3 – 8 September 2023, Southampton, UK

Status Quo of BIM Implementation in Hospital Construction: A Systematic Literature Review

Sabine Hartmanna, Peter Bohnenkampb and Katharina Klemt-Albertc

Institute for Construction Management, Digital Engineering and Robotics in Construction, RWTH Aachen University, Germany.


Hospitals are considered as highly complex critical infrastructure buildings due to their size and significant usage. Therefore, a high level of communication and coordination of all stakeholders and tasks is required to accomplish efficient building management throughout the entire life cycle of the hospital construction. Particularly in complex buildings where many stakeholders are involved in construction measures and higher requirements need to be fulfilled, the digital method Building Information Modeling (BIM) provides various potential advantages. This paper considers BIM as a solution approach and analyzes the status quo of implementation in hospital buildings. The focus is on systematically identifying literature that presents well-founded and current approaches to this topic and analyze the applications. Using a qualitative evaluation of the chosen literature, this study demonstrates the scope of BIM application in hospital construction as well as the improvement that can be achieved in project execution and building management over the entire life cycle. It is noticeable that BIM is already being used in many international hospital projects, with an upward trend. This finding can be explained by the many advantages of BIM-driven project management. In this context, the international BIM implementation status in hospital construction is elaborated and exemplarily compared with the status quo in Germany.

Keywords: Building information modeling, BIM, Hospital construction, Digitalization in hospitals, Construction management, Project management, Digitalization, Optimization, Critical infrastructure.

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