Proceedings of the

The 33rd European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2023)
3 – 8 September 2023, Southampton, UK

Risk Assessment and Reliability in the Implementation of Urban Electric Mobility Projects

Carlos Eduardo Cardoso de Souzaa, Raquel Machado Gomesb, José Cristiano Pereirac and Alexandre Sheremetieffd

Department of Engineering, Universidade Católica de Petrópolis, Brazil.


The study's objective is to conduct a risk assessment to identify opportunities, risks, and impacts in implementing urban electric mobility projects and evaluate the perceptions of state secretaries and government, Mayors, Manufacturers, service providers, and other stakeholders on the risks. As part of the study, it was necessary to identify technical barrier and/or financial barriers worldwide, define how to use the advantage of renewable energy technologies to bring more reliability to the project, and categorize the risks considering hardware (buses, batteries, material national vs. imported, chargers, electrical centers).

Currently, it is observed an increase in pollution, the emergence of the pandemic scenario covid-19, the opportunity for the emergence of new technologies, the ever-increasing application of the concept of recycling/reusing, the need to contribute to reducing emissions of CO2, the need to optimize costs and resources, the increased reliability, the need for resilience and the need for integration. This scenario shows it is necessary to administer and manage the risks in implementing a project that involves using renewable technologies for mobility as a solution in urban areas, such as electric buses with energy supplied from renewable sources. The study focus on the identification of these risks.

As a methodological approach, qualitative and quantitative data will be obtained from an in-depth literature review on the topic and from stakeholders, such as secretaries and government, Mayors, Manufacturers, service providers, and other stakeholders. FMEA will be used to identify risks and barriers. It will consider the vision of the main stakeholders in the Brazilian market, which can be expanded to the world scenario.

As a result, the authors propose a matrix with opportunities, risks, and impacts and a model that can be implemented to meet current regulations. The model brings the whole concept of sustainability to the center of the solution.

The conclusion is that by working proactively on risks to meeting regulations, digitalization concepts associated with using renewable sources and solutions that contribute to decarbonization can be effective, and cities can be transformed and have a promising future for future generations.

As a contribution, the proposed analysis will demonstrate the existing risks and some of the best responses and possibilities to make this transition contribute to decarbonization and transforming the planet in a better way. The present study augments the knowledge of the engineers/managers and professionals involved with Urban Electric Mobility Projects. Although conducted in Brazil, it can be generalized to other projects, whose safety is affected by lack of risk assessment. The study can change the practice and thoughts of professionals dealing with Mobility Projects.

Keywords: Smart city, Resilient cities, Net zero, Risk assessment, Risk management urban electric mobiliy.

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