Proceedings of the

The 33rd European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2023)
3 – 8 September 2023, Southampton, UK

Including the Human Factor and Environmental Conditions in the Reliability Estimation of an LNG Bunkering Operation Supply

Antonio Miranda1, Sebastián Martorell2, Ana Isabel Sánchez3,a and Isabel Martón3,b

1Universitat Politècnica de València, Head of bunkering at Naturgy.

2Department of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering, MEDASEGI Research Group, Universitat Politècnica de València, Valencia, Spain.

3Department of Statistics and Operational Research, MEDASEGI Research Group, Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain.


Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) has been recently used as a new fuel into the maritime sector. Besides the preceptive studies related to the safety in the use of LNG and its consequences on people, infrastructure, and the environment there have been released recent studies addressing the reliability of bunkering operations. In the following article, we have evolved these early reliability studies including the effect of surrounding conditions and the human behavior as a key factor for the reliability of the whole bunkering process. Results and key findings are supported by real bunkering truck to ship operations performed at ports of Spain.

Keywords: Reliability, Failure rate, Human reliability, LNG bunkering, Truck to ship.

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