Proceedings of the

The 33rd European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2023)
3 – 8 September 2023, Southampton, UK

A BIM-Based Risk Management Model for Construction Waste Reduction and Control

Huseyin Erol1 and Irem Dikmen2

1Civil Engineering Department, Hacettepe University, Turkey.

2School of the Built Environment, University of Reading, UK.


The construction industry has long been criticized for being responsible for a significant portion of waste generation worldwide. Although different approaches have been developed over the years for waste reduction and control, they are not sufficiently implemented in practice, and waste generation in the construction industry still shows an increasing trend. As a digital technology platform, Building Information Modelling (BIM) offers promising solutions for the broader adoption of waste management practices. It has the potential to be utilized as a supporting technology to manage the risk factors affecting waste generation. It can also serve as a knowledge management platform to facilitate decision-making processes in waste management. Using BIM in this way may help reduce uncertainties about waste prediction and management in construction projects. From this point of view, this research aims to develop a novel model that benefits from BIM to manage risks and knowledge related to construction waste. Accordingly, a process model was proposed, which integrates the steps of estimating material waste, performing risk assessment, analyzing the impact of waste, developing waste reduction strategies, and monitoring & controlling the waste management plan.

Keywords: Risk, BIM, Waste, Knowledge, Digitalization, Construction management.

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